Rifle is a general term for individual shoulder fired long barrel firearms. This type of weapon is mainly used to launch bullets and kill exposed living targets. The effective range is usually 400-1000 meters; Bayonets can also be added, or the butt of a gun can be used for fighting; It is even equipped with grenade launcher to launch gun grenades, so as to achieve the purpose of point and surface killing and anti armor. It is the basic weapon and equipment of Modern Infantry.
According to the degree of automation, it is divided into non automatic rifle and automatic rifle. Non automatic rifles manually complete the firing actions such as ammunition feeding, locking, firing, unlocking and shelling. Generally, manual handle gun, needle firing mechanism and single firing mechanism are adopted, such as the 1944 7.62mm cavalry gun of the Soviet Union and the 6.5mm 38 rifle of Japan. According to the ammunition supply mode, non automatic rifles can be divided into single shot loading rifles and magazine rifles.