Oil rig is a kind of metal truss with a certain height and span, which is an important part of drilling equipment. It is divided into six main parts: crown block, main body of tower, racking board, lifting tower, auxiliary leg and chassis. In the process of drilling, the drill tower is used to place and hang the lifting system, bear the weight of drilling tools, store drill pipes or drill collars, etc. it must have sufficient bearing capacity, strength, stiffness, overall stability and necessary operation space. The basic technical parameters of the drilling tower include: effective height, effective load, the height of the second floor and the vertical root capacity, the basic size required for the installation of drilling equipment, etc. The development trend of drilling tower is also introduced in detail.
Oil rig is an offshore structure mainly used for drilling exploration wells. The platform is equipped with drilling, power, communication, navigation and other equipment, as well as life-saving and personnel living facilities, which is an indispensable means of offshore oil and gas exploration and development.